People open their eyes to the world with some inborn rights due to only being a human. The concept of right is a universal concept. In short, right can be defined as “Authority bestowed by rules of law to individuals”.
Human rights were first known in 1215 in England. Officially, American Declaration of the Rights was published at the end of 18th century. Human rights became universal with the establishment of United Nations. Universal Declaration of Human Rights was published. In this Declaration, it is stated that everyone is free, honorable and equal on the basis of rights.
It is possible to define human rights as all people being equal and free by birth in all means. This freedom has been balanced with being respectful to the rights of others and the obligation not to violate these rights. There are various human rights. Human rights are one of the basic human rights.
Benefiting from the service:
Within the framework of Justice and Equality principles, individuals have the right to receive medical service regardless of their race, language, religion, sect, sex, and philosophical belief, economic and social status.
Being informed and demanding information:
There is a right to learn all kinds of medical services and opportunities and to demand all kinds of information orally or in written regarding medical condition.
Choosing and changing the medical institution and staff:
Patients have the right to choose and change the medical institution, to benefit from the medical services in the selected institution, to learn the identity, duty and titles of the physicians and other medical staff who provide medical service.
They have the right to receive all kinds of medical service in an environment suitable for privacy.
Rejection, cease and approval:
They have the right to reject and cease the treatment, to give approval for medical interventions and to benefit from the service within the approval.
Patients have the right to receive medical service in a safe environment,
Practicing the religious duties:
Patients have the right to practice their religious duties within the bounds of institution’s possibilities and within the framework of precautions taken by the management.
Respecting human values, being respected and comfort:
Patients have the right to receive medical service in a kind, good-humored environment with respect, care and diligence without noise and disturbing elements under hygienic conditions.
Visit and having a companion:
Within the framework of principles and procedures determined by medical facilities, patients have the right to have a visitor and a companion under the opportunities of legislation and medical facility and upon the approval of the physician.
Application, complaint and cause of action:
In case of the violation of rights, patients have the right to use all kinds of application, complaint rights and case of action.